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The Great Hornbill

The Great Hornbill

The great hornbill can grow up to 130 cm in length with a wingspan of 155 cm and weighs up to 4 kg. Females are smaller than males and have bluish-white instead of red eyes. The most prominent feature of the hornbill is the bright yellow and black casque on top of its massive bill. The casque is hollow and serves no known purpose.
Large groups sometimes gather on fruit trees (a congregation to 200 birds has been recorded in Bhutan). In the wild, the diet of a great hornbill consists mainly of fruits. They obtain the water that they need entirely from their diet of fruits. They also feed on small mammals, birds, and insects.
The great hornbill is found in the forests of India, Thailand, Burma, Malaysia, and Singapore. Their habitat is dense old-growth forests in hilly areas. Deforestation has reduced their habitat in many parts of India. And due to the loss of habitats and hunting in some areas, this beautiful bird is listed on the IUCN Red List.
Such an unusual bird was chosen as its logo by the Indian football club Kerala Evergreen FC and the Bombay Natural History Society.

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Fauna of Thailand