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Spitting Cobra

Spitting Cobra

The Indochinese spitting cobra (Naja siamensis) also called the Thai spitting cobra. This is a medium-sized snake with a body-color from grey to black, with white spots or stripes and an average of 0.9 to 1.2 meters long. Its habitats in lowlands, plains, woodland and it can also be found in human settlements. When threatened during daylight hours, the snake is generally timid and seeks refuge in the nearest burrow. However, when the snake is threatened at night, it is more aggressive and is more likely to stand its ground, rear up and display its hood and spit out its venom. It usually feeds on rodents, toads, and other snakes. The female will lay 13-19 eggs. Eggs will hatch after 70 days of incubation. Offspring are independent as soon as they have hatched. Hatchlings are 12–20 cm long and, because they possess fully developed venom delivery systems, should be treated with the same respect as adults. Like most other spitting cobras, its venom is primarily a postsynaptic neurotoxin and cytotoxin (necrotizing or tissue-death). Bite symptoms include pain, swelling and necrosis around the wound. The bite of this snake is potentially lethal to an adult human. Deaths, which generally happen due to paralysis and consequent asphyxiation, mainly occur in rural areas where the procurement of antivenin is difficult. If the snake spits venom into the eyes of an individual, the individual will experience immediate and severe pain as well as temporary and sometimes even permanent blindness.

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