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Monocled Cobra

Monocled Cobra

The monocled cobra is a venomous species of the cobra that is widespread in Southeast Asia. The monocled cobra has an O-shaped hood pattern. The dorsal surface can be olive, brown or gray. It has a black spot on the underside of the hood on both sides. A pair of fixed anterior canines are present. The canines are adapted for spitting. Adult monocled cobras reach a length of 2 meters. These cobras prefer water-related habitats such as paddy fields, swamps and mangroves. This species is also found on agricultural land and in settlements. It is an oviparous species. Females lay up to 30 eggs per clutch. Incubation periods range from 50 to 70 days. Monocled cobras are most active at dusk. They feed on small mammals, snakes and fish. When threatened, they will lift the front of their bodies, unbutton the hood, usually hiss loudly, and strike in an attempt to bite and defend themselves. The main toxic components of cobra venoms are postsynaptic neurotoxins. The bite leads to flaccid paralysis and even death from respiratory failure. Monocled cobra causes the highest deaths from snake poisoning in Thailand.

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