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King Cobra

King Cobra

King cobra is a venomous snake native to Southeast Asia. Cobras are 4 meters long. The skin of the king cobra is olive green with black and white stripes on the body. The muzzle is rounded and the tongue is black. The hood is oval, covered with smooth olive-colored scales and two black spots. The king cobra weighs about 6 kg. The average life expectancy is about 20 years. The king cobra is the only snake that builds a nest from dry debris, most of the nests are located at the base of trees. The clutch of about 40 eggs. The venom of the young is as strong as that of the adults. It feeds on other snakes, including Indian cobra, banded krait, rat snake, pythons, lizards and rodents. Usually swallows its prey whole. Because of its flexible jaws, it can swallow prey much larger than its head. After a large meal, he lives for many months without another due to the slow metabolic rate. It hunts only during the day and is rarely seen at night. A king cobra is not considered aggressive, but it can attack if agitated or provoked, although it is usually shy and avoids confrontation with humans. When alarmed, he lifts the front of his body, expands the hood, shows his fangs and hisses loudly. When biting, it retains its grip for up to eight minutes. Most of the victims bitten by king cobras are snake charmers. Hospital records in Thailand show that king cobra bites are very rare. King cobra venom is composed of cytotoxins and neurotoxins. The toxins act on the victim's central nervous system, causing severe pain, dizziness, drowsiness, and eventually paralysis. Death occurs within 30 minutes due to respiratory failure.

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